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Cross and crown of thorns, the symbols of our Lord’s suffering for our sakes

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Christine Miller

Classical Christian
Homeschooling Online Catalog: Grammar Stage History

This page last revised:
July 2003


Grammar Stage History
Grades 1-6

Using the Online Catalog

History of Western Civilization

This curriculum utilizes the plan described in Christine Miller’s History in the Grammar Stage article, of chronology, literature, and biography, all with a classical and Biblical worldview emphasis. It is preferable to go through the history of Western Civilization once during the grammar stage, focusing on what happened: who were the key players, what were the key events, where did it happen, and when, and memorizing that information through interest, exposure, and drill. Each history section also contains suggestions for older students learning the history of Western Civilization for the first time.

1st Grade: The Ancient World
Begin a study of Western Civilization with the foundation for all of history, the book of Genesis. A proper understanding of our beginning is also vital to build a Biblical worldview in our children. The book of Genesis closes with Joseph and the Israelites sojourning in Egypt, and a study of ancient Egyptian civilization is next in the chronology of Western Civilization. The Ancient Near East is overlooked by many curricula, but the civilizations of the Sumerians, the Assyrians, the Phoenicians, the Hittites, the Babylonians, and the Persians were just as powerful and influential as Egypt, and play the major role in the unfolding of ancient and Old Testament history.

2nd Grade: Ancient Greece & Rome
The history of the Ancient Greeks is pivotal to understanding the growth of Western Civilization, and sets the world stage in more ways than one for the coming of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. Many of Rome’s institutions were incorporated part and parcel into those of Western Civilization, including representative government, federal government, and Roman law. Ancient Roman history also contains the story of the birth of the Christian church.

3rd Grade: Dark & Middle Ages
The time of chaos and uncertainty when Europe was finding herself after the Fall of Rome is known as the Dark Ages. Into the void left by the Roman Empire, Christianity brightly took the lead. The Middle Ages were a time when Christian society reigned supreme, and yet clouds were on the horizon: while at times true Christian love showed through, also at times everything evil was practiced in the name of Jesus Christ.

4th Grade: Renaissance, Reformation, & Exploration
The renaissance, or rebirth, of interest in classical antiquity: their literature, languages, and philosophies, brought about, indirectly, by the Crusades and Marco Polo’s travels, and directly by the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe. Dissatisfaction with the immoralites of the Church had been building for centuries: almost all Medieval literature contains the archtype of the corrupt church official. But with the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, Europe was reintroduced to the Greek New Testament, and the time was right for the Reformation. Like the persecution of the early church during the Roman Empire, the more “heretics” burned, the more the witness went out to the pure truth of Scripture. The Fall of Constantinople to the Turks was a catalyst whose ripples had far-reaching effects. The land route to the spices and silks of the East was now cut off, and prompted a race for a sea route to India and China. Coupled with the invention of the sawmill the century prior which made ship-building cheaper and faster, the Age of Exploration was born.

5th Grade: American History through the 19th century
The 17th century saw the colonizing of the Americas by the Spanish, French, Dutch, and English, and the first of many clashes with the Native Americans which would continue throughout this century and into the next. These clashes grew into large scale terrorism, known in American history as the French and Indian Wars, among three nations: the Native Americans, the French, and the English; each of whom used the others for their own ends. The spoil going to the victor was control of the continent. When that conflict finally ended, abuses by the English crown sparked the second major conflict of the century: the American Revolution. The new American nation had many challenges to face in not only getting itself taken seriously by the millennia-old nations of the Old World, but also in working out the details of a new government experiment in a largely unexplored and untamed land, peopled with fiercely independent and sometimes unruly citizens and hostile indigenous tribes. How she rose to the challenge further defined her character.

6th Grade: Modern World History through the 20th century
By the 18th century the religious wars sprung from the Reformation had calmed, and change of every type flourished - so much so that this century is known as “the century of revolutions,” as political revolutions took place in many parts of the world, and as revolutions in science, technology, medicine, farming, industry, transportation, the arts, and literature flourished. In the 19th century, countries continued to search for their own national identities and to control their own national destinies, through fierce struggles for independence, and wars which enveloped all of Europe. The only colonies still under the yoke of European control, it seemed, were those of the British Empire, upon whom the sun never set. Meanwhile, a young man raised on a hatred of Christianity would take a trip on the Beagle and write a scientific work, even though he was not trained as a scientist, which offended science, but which, through propaganda and the help of the clergy, gradually became the standard by which all science was judged. His name was Charles Darwin. In the 20th century in North America, immigrants from the wars and abuses of the Continent poured in as never before, but in this century, with the country settled and the states established, they were unable to claim land on the frontier as they had done previously. They crowded into the cities instead, where the industrial revolution made room for them. Europe still convulsed with war, as it has done unceasingly, it seems, since the old Roman Empire: as Germany fought against Europe; the Russian Revolution traded the oppression of the czars for the oppression of the state; and the greatest war yet, World War II, taught us the results of Darwin’s philosophy lived out.

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Using the Online Catalog

This online catalog is made possible through an association with Barnes& Clicking on the book title or book cover will take you to Barnes&’s information page about that book. You can look at its price, availability, any discounts currently taken for that title, reviews of the book, and other information, as well as order it if you decide to purchase the book. You can even place books in your shopping cart and save them for purchase at a later time. You can continue to add or delete books from your shopping cart until you are satisfied with your order and ready to purchase. Clicking on any link to Barnes& will open a new window; to return to CCH, click on the “Window” menu on your browser’s menu bar, and choose Classical Christian Homeschooling.

Locating Out of Print Books
Sometimes books go out of print, or the publisher runs out of stock. Any book not available from Barnes& for any reason can be searched using, a book shopping site which will scan Barnes& as well as, Powell’s Books, Book Close Outs and many other new and used book sites. Be sure to also check for out of print book searches.

If all else fails, and you cannot find a book you need, check it out from the library, or request it from your library through interlibrary loan. Once you have the book home, take it to a copy store and copy it. You can even have color copies done of key maps or photographs. Copy stores can now do nice bindings on your copy projects. The U.S. Copyright Law contains a fair use provision which allows an educator to make a single copy of out of print (not in print) works if needed for use in teaching (not for profit or publication). Then return the book to the library, and you have your own book to keep, usually for less than it would be from a collector’s book shop.

Still have questions? Ask me!

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