History on the Internet

Akkadian Language
This site deals not only with the grammar and translation of the Akkadian language, but also contains an excellent overview of the history of Mesopotamia, and two translations of important cuniform tablets: the Babylonian creation myth, and a link to the Code of Hammurabi. (Frames prevent direct links.)

Ancient Near East Interactive Map
Clicking anywhere on the map will allow you to view the extent of the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, and Macedonian empires at their height. Another interactive map shows the various empires dominating Mesopotamia from 3000 to 1000 B.C.

Cradle of Civilization
A great overview of the Sumerians through the Persians and their interaction with Israel from a biblical perspective. Be sure to look into the excellent chart of the genealogies of Adam for help in putting the secular dates of the Ancient Near East in perspective with the biblical timeline from the creation of the world.

Genesis and Ancient Near Eastern Stories of Creation and the Flood
Much has been written about the relationship between the early chapters of Genesis and creation and flood stories from ancient Mesopotamia. This is an up-to-date overview of this subject.

Exploring Ancient World Cultures: The Near East
A very well-done introduction to the culture of the Near East on the Internet, with links.

History of the Assyrians
Other links for studying the Assyrians include:
Catholic Encyclopedia: Assyria;
Discoveries at Nineveh;
Palace of Ashurnasirpal II.

History of the Babylonians
Other links for studying the Babylonians include:
Assyro-Babylonian Mythology;
Catholic Encyclopedia: Babylonia;
Historical Overview of the

History of the Hittites
Other links for studying the Hittites include:
Hittite/Hurrian Mythology;
Hittite Civilization;
Hatti: Homeland of the Hittites;
World Cultures: the Hittites

History of the Persians
Other links for studying the Persians include:
Catholic Encyclopedia: Media &

Persepolis: City of the Persians;
Persepolis: Oriental Institute;
Splendor of Persia.

History of the Sumerians
Other links for studying the Sumerians include:
Sumerian Mythology;
Mesopotamia: The Sumerians; 2900 - 1800 B.C.; Ancient Sumeria

Mesopotamian Timeline
The timeline makes the assumption that humans went through a period of primitive agricultural development before they could develop city civilizations. But it is helpful, nonetheless. It proceeds through early farming communities, pre-Sumerians, Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians.

World Cultures: Mesopotamia
This very nice introduction to the history and societies of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Hittites, Kassites, Assyrians, and Chaldeans also comes with nice sets of well-organized internet links. This is a good place to become familiar with the complex history of the Ancient Near East.

Suggest a Site
We gratefully and humbly appreciate your suggestions and comments.

The history of the Ancient Near East involves a huge time span, from the founding of Babel, Erech, Akkad, Calneh, and Nineveh by Nimrod following Noah's flood, through the Persian empire millenia later. It encompasses the rise and fall of the Sumerians in Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), the Hittites in Anatolia (modern Turkey), the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Medes, and the Persians (modern Iran). The societies of Egypt and Israel, also having long histories, developed alongside the Near Eastern empires and peoples, not prior to them.

Oriental Institute Museum
A showcase of the history, art and archaeology of the ancient Near East. The virtual museum archives are beautiful.

Odyssey Online: Near East
Explore the ancient Near East and its people, mythology, daily life, death and burial practices, writing, and archaeology. A really fantastic site!

Ancient Near Eastern Art at the Michael C. Carlos Museum
“This collection embodies the legacy of the ancient Near East from the beginnings of agriculture and writing to the growth of the first cities and empires. It is wide-ranging geographically and embraces the regions and ancient cultures of Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and parts of Syria), ancient Iran, the Levant (countries bordering the eastern Mediterranean), Anatolia (Turkey), and Northwest Africa.”

Oriental Institute Museum Highlights of the Collection
Scroll down to the region index, and visit especially Anatolia, Assyria, Iran, and Mesopotamia. Each regional exhibit contains a large collection of artifacts of all kinds.

The sites on the left are pages with excellent historical content. The sites below are links pages, specifically chosen for the quality of pointers to other sites for further research.

Abzu: Resources for the Study of the Ancient Near East
The Argos of Ancient Near Eastern studies.

Ancient Mesopotamia
Nicely annotated links to other sites: Mesopotamian art and archaeology, mythology and religion, history, and mathematics.

Ancient Near East by the Mining Co.
The Mining Co.'s history pages are a good place to begin the study of a topic, because they are geared for the general reader rather than the historian.

Creative Impulse: Mesopotamia
This award-winning site is the place to begin for resources on the study of every aspect of the Ancient Near East. Here you can find more pages dealing specifically with Assyria, Babylon, and Persia, as well as the Sumerians.

Other Ancients
One of the nicest annotated links page to only useful websites dealing with Mesopotamia, Babylon, Sumer, King Sargon, Akkadian Empire, Dynasty of Ur, Sumerians, Akkad, cuneiform, Assyria, Hammurabi, Babylon, Chaldeans, and Celts. A high- quality resource, this site takes time to load, but is worth it.

History on the Internet / Christine Miller / Last revised March 2002
Copyright 1999-2002